Santiago de Cuba Santa Ifigenia Cemetery Sol Rio de Luna y Mares

Santa Ifigenia Cemetery

The cemetery of Santa Ifigenia, place where lies the rest of the National Hero from Cuba, our Apostle José Martí, besides illustrious children of Santiago de Cuba. It was founded in February of 1868, to the northwest of the city of Santiago de Cuba.

Jose Marti Mausoleum, Cementerio Santa Ifigenia
This famous cemetery owes its name to the Ethiopian Virgin with equal names, baptized by the Apostle San Mateo, and canonized by her miracles.

The idea arises because from the XVI century and until principles of the XIX century, the great majority of the funerals took place fundamentally in the patios of the churches, or inside the same ones when it was about ecclesiastical, military, political or social important personalities.

The nearness of the burials to the city and the inhabitants was the favorable causes for the propagation of illnesses. At the end of the XIX century one of the King’s devoted appeared where he ordered the construction of cemeteries far from the city and the urban centers.

In 1826 the first cemetery of the city of Santiago de Cuba it’s inaugurated, well-known as Cemetery of Santa Ana, because of its proximity to the church of the same name. The life of this cemetery was short due by the quick growth of the population, and with the purpose of avoiding epidemics like the cholera and the yellow fever that whipped in that time, it decided to build other, inaugurated officially in 1868 as General Cemetery of Santa Ifigenia.

It was in April 22 of that same year when it took place the first funerals, although there were gravestone previous to 1868, fact that certify transfers of the old cemetery.
Panteón Emilio Bacardi, Cementerio Santa IfigeniaTumba de Tomás Estrada Palma, Cementerio Santa Ifigenia
The Cemetery constitutes a reminder of the last and present history of Cuba, because there lies some of the personalities’ rest more valiant and illustrate of the independence wars, as well as some outstanding figures of the art and the Cuban culture.
Attracts attention the monumental character and beauty of the big vaults, built in granite, marble and other valuable materials.
One of the most visited places in the churchyard is the Mausoleum of 24 meters height that keeps the ashes of José Martí, on amounts of earth of every country of Latin America, and where in a perpetual way falls a sunbeam on his tomb. It was inaugurated June 30 1951.

The cemetery of Santa Ifigenia was declared National Monument February 7 1937 and ratified as such by the Revolutionary Government May 20 1979.

Main Tombs and Monuments of the Cemetery:

Mausoleum to José Martí Pérez
Pantheon of Revolution’s The Martyrs
Pantheon of the Dead for the Defense
Tomb of Tomás Estrada Palma
Tomb to The Martyrs of San Juan de Wilson
Tomb of Mariana Grajales, Maceos’ mother
Tomb of Dominga Moncada, General Guillermón Moncada’s mother
Tomb of María Cabrales, Antonio Maceo’s wife
The Heroes’ Altarpiece
Pantheon of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes
Pantheon to the Martyrs of Virginius
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CUBA Travel- Sightseeing: Nature, Wildlife, People, Culture, Food….

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba comprises the main island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos. Havana is the capital of Cuba and its largest city. The second-largest city is Santiago de Cuba.[13][14][15] To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km (93 mi) away), the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands are to the northeast, Mexico is to the west (210 km (130 mi) away), the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.
The island of Cuba was inhabited by numerous Mesoamerican Indian tribes prior to the landing of explorer Christopher Columbus in 1492, who claimed it for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba remained a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, after which it gained nominal independence as a de facto U.S. protectorate in 1902. The fragile republic endured increasingly radical politics and social strife, and despite efforts to strengthen its democratic system, Cuba came under the dictatorship of former president Fulgencio Batista in 1952.[16][17][18] Growing unrest and instability led to Batista’s ousting in January 1959 by the July 26 movement, which afterwards established a government under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965 the country has been governed as a single-party state by the Communist Party.
Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean, and with over 11 million inhabitants, is the second-most populous after Hispaniola, albeit with a much lower population density for the region. It is a multiethnic country whose people, culture and customs derive from diverse origins, including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the long period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves, a close relationship with the Soviet Union during the Cold War, and proximity to the United States.
Cuba today is the only remaining communist state to receive a “very high” human development ranking from the United Nations, and ranks well in measures of health and education.

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The culture of Cuba

Cuba’s culture is based on the arts, including painting, music and ballet. Though the Cuban government uses the art forms as propaganda, the arts have become a way of life for most Cubans, penetrating their mentalities and enhancing their daily lives.
The Story of Free Cuba

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Title: The Cuban culture
Date: June 9, 2013
Duration: 03:57″
Code: V_2013_1091


The Cuban culture has been promoted toward the society. But also used as currency for governmental propaganda. Art schools, spreading the culture, the culture like a weapon of the revolution are slogans that have remained in the Cuban mentality.

Do you know something about Cuban art?


Well, look, to tell you that there is nothing more important in life than art; and to say art is to say flowers, to say art is to say Martin, to say art is to say women, to say art is to say life, to say art is such a big thing that such a small word cannot limit it, what it should, what it should encompass about what the system of culture is, of the culture.

Do you know something about Cuban art?


Nothing. I am modern. I know nothing. Why do you not know anything? Does is not interest you? Do you know something about Cuban art? Cuban art? Well, it is a very beautiful culture.

The cultural term encompasses in addition to the manner of life, ceremonies, arts, inventions, technology, systems of values, fundamental rights of human beings, traditions and beliefs.


Tell me the name of three Cuban dance companies? The Ballet Litz Alfonso… The, what is it is called? Can you tell me the name of three dance companies of Cuba? The name of three dance companies? The ballet of the Festival of San Juan, of Alfonso, ballet X Alfonso, is it? And Calzada, I do not remember another.


Music is without any doubt whatsoever, what has had the most influence on the Cuban personality. It is said that on the Island, that one speaks singing that one dances while walking and falls in love with a lyric from a song.

Who was the author of Guantanamera? The Guantanamera? Do you know who the author of the Guantanamera was? Joseito Fernandez.


Although the new generations, in great majority, do not know what good theater is or know who their representatives are in the different manifestations of the culture, what is true is that culture gives Man the ability to reflect upon himself.

What is the Cuban theatre company that has the status as the ambassadors of peace? I do not know. What is the Cuban theatre company that has the status of ambassadors of peace?


No, I cannot place it right now, the truth, I do not remember.

It is art which specifically makes of us human beings, rational, critical and ethically committed.

Can you tell me the name of a Cuban painter? Of a Cuban painter? Can you tell me the name of a Cuban painter? Yes. We have Mendive, we have Choco, we have Kcho, we have Kai.


Through culture Man exists. He becomes aware of himself. He questions his achievements and tirelessly looks for new meanings and creates works that transcend them.


And a country without culture would be a country, let us say, I do not know, savage; a country that does not believe in many things; of the importance it has.

Camera: Alexander Riquelme Savigne
Reporter: Yuliesky Sánchez Rodríguez
Producer: Anderlay Guerra Blanco
Director: Rolando Rodríguez Lobaina
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One-on-One With Afro-Cubans: What It Means to Be Black in Cuba

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Part I: The Politics of U.S.-Cuban Exchanges

“U.S.-Cuban Academic Relations”

May 4, 2007

Wayne Smith, Center for International Policy and Louis Pérez, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

U.S. and Cuban scholars involved in academic, scientific, and cultural research face significant difficulties in maintaining open and thorough dialogue with each other due to restrictions governing travel between the two countries. Such exchanges, however, hold the potential for improved interpretations of our economic, cultural, and historical ties, and ultimately for improved political relations. The aim of this conference was to convene scholars, practitioners, and members of civil society in order to foster a broad, interdisciplinary discussion on the current conditions of U.S.-Cuban academic exchange, the challenges that new governmental restrictions pose to academic research agendas, and the manners by which scholars may engage in projects related to the history, economics, public policy, and culture of Cuba.

Sponsored by the Center for Latin American Studies.

If you ever get to be in Miami AND would like to explore LATIN America (and I’m talking about USA here) feel free to visit Little Havana, La Pequeña Habana in Spanish, located just west of Downtown Miami.

Great ppl, always warm and friendly, lots of Cuban cuisine, delicious as well, a place where you can learn that you can easily have a different culture (more or less different), language maybe, maybe some different foods, music might be different (but very warm), dancing as well, but THAT does not make them less American, that’s the beauty of America: THE BEST MELTING POT IN THE WORLD.

YES, a lot of politics within this very hot subject, everybody knows that most of non-Cuban Hispanics do not like Cubans, mostly b/c of this very rule:,_dry_feet_policy

But those that hate Cuban-Americans always forget (or rather try not to acknowledge) the political system in Cuba for the past 50+ years, a country with NO POLITICAL FREEDOMS OF ANY KIND, where the CASTRO COMMUNIST GANG has been killing or at least imprisoning everybody who disagrees with their extreme views (yes I know, Sean Penn, Michael Moore, Harry Belafonte and lots of other left-wing loons would strongly disagree with me), so that’s in Cuba ONLY, no such lack of political freedoms anywhere else in Central or South America, Mexico, Haiti or Dominican Republic included, personally I am strongly AGAINST lifting the Embargo until the good ppl of Cuba start enjoying the very same FREEDOMS we in the West have been doing for so many decades AND, sadly, take them for granted now.

Most of the Cuban-Americans vote Republican.

Some of my favorite Cuban-American politicians: Ted Cruz (he’s in fact Cuban-Canadian-American), Marco Rubio, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, Mario Diaz-Balart, just to name a few only.



Beginning of the video, some clips shot with my pocket camera while driving (slow driving speed of course), quality not so good, shaky left hand, paying attention to the road ahead, but rest of the video I think it’s pretty… cool.



Music recorded LIVE off SiriusXM satellite radio, Ch 150, Caliente.

Enjoy your FL vacation.


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Viva Cuba! Cultural Documentary Trailer, Cuba Travel

Viva Cuba! Cultural Documentary Trailer, Cuba Travel —— Don’t miss visiting Cuba and help “End the Embargo” and open travel for all Americans by traveling there on our legal people to the people cultural exchange program. Go visit Cuba, with the most unique friendly people and make up your mind to help Cubans and end the trade restrictions on Cuba. Do not miss seeing the real Cuba now. A once-of-a-lifetime trips for art, music, dance, theater, cultural events, organic farming and more now available.
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